Conservation Status of Mangroves
СНПЧ А7 Самара, обзоры принтеров и МФУ

In 1992 the total area of mangrove forest in Guyana was estimated at 80,432 hectares ( GAHEF, Table 1 .) .However, due to the fact that the distribution of mangroves along the coast of Guyana is a highly dynamic situation, subject to rapid and dramatic change, and that there is a lack of a sound geo-referenced baseline datasets and updated images, it is difficult to ascertain the location and extent of mangrove forests in the country today.

Due to an increase in the demand for tannin for the leather industry, the production of mangrove bark increased dramatically during the period 1996 – 1999. The Guyana Forestry Commission (1996 and 1999) reported 10,886.4 kg and 90,956.8 kg of mangrove bark was extracted in Regions One and Two for tannin by the local leather industry. However with the reduction of cattle production, this has since been reduced with only a production of 12,619 Kg and 27,697kg in 2008 and 2009 respectively (GFC, 2001).

In recent decades the mangrove belt has been severely depleted as the natural cycle of erosion and accretion lost equilibrium. Although the precise mechanisms for this are poorly understood, heavy damage by human use, rise in sea level and increased wave force appear to be the main reasons.

The mangrove forest that once covered our entire coast has been drastically depleted, and in many instances lost altogether.
The degree of protection offered by the mangrove forest is dependent on the width of the forest. The width of the mangrove protective belt has also shrunk due to the harvesting of mangroves for fuel wood and by the natural cycle of erosion and accretion.

Additionally, mangrove habitats in Guyana such as river mouths and estuaries, are also near where the population is located . Persons often seek additional land on the coast to build a life for their families. In order to convert land for development (agricultural and infrastructural) they often cut down the mangroves. Unfortunately, most of the land reclaimed and filled in is naturally flood prone and persons end up placing their lives and their families at greater risk than expected, as we know from the past experiences of other coastal countries where communities with depleted mangroves no longer had that buffer when natural disasters like tsunamis or hurricanes struck.

The Guyana Forestry Commission (GFC) is preparing a Code of Practice for mangrove vegetation in order to better manage the mangrove forests of Guyana's coastal area.

Mangroves have been declared a protected species in Guyana and there is a fine for illegal cutting of mangroves.

Some specific threats that affect mangroves include:

    Accidental fires
    Indiscriminate hunting of wildlife (either for commercial or recreation)
    Grazing of animals
    Pulling boats indiscriminately through mangrove areas
    Harvesting of seashells which contributes to erosion and degrades the shoreline.
    Pollution from dumping of garbage. Although the mangroves serve to trap and prevent litter from reaching inland, indiscriminate dumping creates an unhealthy environment for the ecosystem and for people.
    In other countries, overuse of areas for setting up fish and shrimp ponds has contributed significantly to loss of mangroves.

Providing a better life for the population while protecting the future and the environment must sometimes seem like a delicate balancing act on a tightrope for the country; nevertheless equitable methods of dealing with both
have to be sought.









Our Vision

To augment Guyana's sea defence by protecting, restoring and managing the natural coastline barrier provided by our mangrove forests.

Contact Information

Guyana Mangrove Restoration Project
National Agricultural Research Institute
Agriculture Road, Mon Repos East Coast Demerara
Phone (592) 220-2843
Fax (592) 220-4481/220-2843
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